avocado The avocado: it's a lucrative crop.

Avocado growers not sweating over NAFTA

Avocado exports generated a trade surplus of US $2 billion last year

If there is one sector of the Mexican economy that’s not worried about a renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA, it’s the avocado industry.


The fruit, also known as “green gold,” has become a huge export crop, with 77% going to the United States. Those exports hit a record 1.022 billion tonnes last year, and went to 31 countries.

The avocado has become so big that its export value has now surpassed oil in importance, according to Economy Secretariat data.

While exports of “black gold” — petroleum and petroleum products — left Mexico with a trade deficit of US $13 billion, the green variety generated a $2.22-billion surplus.

For the current harvest cycle, June 2016 to July 2017, the association representing the country’s avocado producers, packers and exporters forecasts it will send more than 900,000 tonnes to the U.S., compared to last year’s 860,000. Japan will get 52,000 tonnes and China, 20,000.

Meanwhile, new markets are being opened in Europe and Asia. Exports to Germany and Holland last year soared by 237% and 283%, respectively.

The Arabian Peninsula is another target market. A Mexican delegation traveled there recently to try to establish an air freight connection. Shipping by sea takes more than 40 days and the fruit won’t last that long, said one producer.


For growers, the avocado produces a very attractive financial return compared to corn, but they must wait at least five years before they see it.

A hectare of avocados can generate up to 600,000 pesos (US $30,000) a year, far more than a hectare of corn, which will bring in just 24,000 pesos, according to the Agriculture Secretariat.

But the producer won’t see any fruit from the avocado trees until about the fifth year, at which time the harvest will be about 50 fruit. The number rises to 150 in year six and 300 in year seven.

The trees can be grown at sea level and up to 2,500 meters but do best at the higher elevations, between 800 and 2,500 meters.

The wait to harvest hasn’t deterred producers, who are now clearing more land for avocado orchards. A study by the National Autonomous University found that 45,000 hectares of Michoacán forest land was logged and converted to orchards between 1974 and 2011.

Now there are worries that the lure of the avocado will trigger more illegal logging of monarch butterfly habitat in Michoacán and the State of México.

Source: El Financiero (sp)

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  • Dan Tucker

    One good by-product of the stupid moves by Trump is that Mexico may be forced to look for other export markets and diversify. It will make Mexico stronger not to depend so much on the US. Viva Mexico!

    • DeadWest

      LOL! God are you dense.

    • David Nichols

      No matter the subject the knee jerk Lefties will find a way to inject an anti-Trump invective…
      Get a life Dan, your side lost, and devoting yourself to negativity will help to assure your side loses in 2018 and 2020 as well.
      So for the good of America–continue to beat your drum of negation, the light you are shining on your ideology is very revealing…!

      • Dan Tucker

        Lot of incorrect assumptions here, David. I´ve always considered myself very conservative. ¨My side¨ did not lose. I thought I was being very positive about Mexico and trying to look on the bright side. I do not beat the ¨drum of negation¨ rather I try to be realistic, but sometimes it´s best to just be optimistic. I love my life here in Mexico, and God willing I will live here until I die. Cheers!

  • K. Chris C.

    Good move considering that the US tyranny has just about been plundered to the bone by the Khazarian grift-machine. Won’t be much demand for avocados by an “exceptional” people in an occupied and oppressed bankrupt, fascist, and bellicose nation.

    An American citizen, not US subject.

    • Eugene Nero

      What does this mean? Khazarian grift-machine

      • David Nichols

        It is just part of his echo…no thinking going on there, it’s the same old theme no matter what the subject on MND…
        Ignore the ignorant.

  • frankania

    We have 50 avocado trees here in Cordoba, MEXICO

  • David Nichols

    One would think El Financiero could do basic math…
    Clearly the harvest was not 1.022 BILLION tons, but even allowing for a misplaced decimal point, if the USA bought 77% of the total of 1.022 MILLION tons that would be 786,940 tons.
    The article states that 860,000 tons were exported to the USA, so we are left to wonder which of the numbers, if any, are correct…

  • tek man

    The Avocado block at the border increased the price 50% here in the states. At Aldi’s I recently saw them for $1.49 each. Ate a lot of them in Merida for about 30 cents each two years ago purchased at Soriana’s.