Mexico’s ranking on an international peace index remains essentially unchanged from last year in 140th place on the list of 163 countries.
The Global Peace Index, a measure of “national peacefulness,” reflects “a less peaceful and more unequal world” with the most peaceful countries continuing to improve and the least peaceful becoming more violent, says its author, the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
The index is based on 23 indicators such as levels of internal conflict, militarization and homicide rates. It was militarization that helped give Mexico a higher — meaning worse — score, said IEP representative Patricia de Obeso during a presentation of the index this week.
Compared with the rest of the world, she said, Mexico invests much more in the military at 0.6% of Gross Domestic Product.
The number of deaths linked to organized crime was another factor, she said.
On the bright side, the index shows Mexico to be 13% more peaceful than it was in 2011, at the zenith of the war against narco-traffickers.
The Peace Index estimates that violence costs Mexico US $221.4 billion annually, putting it on a list of 30 nations where a peace deficit has had a major economic impact.
Another positive note was the finding that Mexico occupies 65th place in the “positive peace” index for having institutions that are appropriate for the promotion of a peaceful society.
But holding the country back are corruption, poorly functioning governments and the assassinations of journalists.
Country No. 1 on the index was Iceland, followed by Denmark, Austria, New Zealand and Portugal. The United States was ranked 103rd and Canada eighth. Least peaceful country was Syria.
Source: Reforma (sp)