Wednesday, December 6, 2023

US and Mexico to remediate denial of labor rights at garment facility

The United States and Mexico have agreed to a remediation plan to address labor rights violations at the Industrias del Interior (INISA) denim garment factory in Rincón de Romos, Aguascalientes.

The agreement follows an investigation carried out by Mexico in response to a U.S. request in June 2022, which found that INISA workers were being denied the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining.

A woman assembles clothing in a maquila, a factory that uses imported materials to assemble products for export.
This was the first time the USMCA Rapid Response Labor Mechanism has been used in the garment industry. (

It is the sixth time the two countries have agreed to a formal remediation plan under the Rapid Response Labor Mechanism of the United States-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement (USMCA). It’s also the first time it’s been used within the garment industry.

“Through the Rapid Response mechanism, we have made it clear that companies are expected to respect the representative union and negotiate in real collective bargaining,” said U.S. Deputy Undersecretary for International Affairs Thea Lee.

The remediation plan includes several commitments from the Mexican government, including:

  • Ensuring that INISA disseminates and abides by a public, written statement guaranteeing noninterference in all union activities
  • Ensuring that INISA trains all company personnel and union representatives on this neutrality statement and implements a zero-tolerance policy for any violations
  • Offering a telephone line and/or direct email address for workers to anonymously report any intimidation, coercion or interference in their union activities
  • Conducting in-person workers’ rights training for all company personnel
  • Initiating sanctions proceedings if evidence emerges of any violations
  • Imposing appropriate sanctions against any individual, labor organization or company found to violate Mexican law.
Joe Biden, Andrés Manuel López Obrador and Justin Trudeau at the North American Leaders' Summit
The USMCA trade pact, between Canada, Mexico and the United States seeks to protect labor rights and promote trade between the North American nations in a way that’s different from previous trade pacts in the region. (Galo Cañas Rodríguez/

U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai hailed the agreement as a positive example of international collaboration on labor rights. She pledged that the U.S. would closely monitor the implementation of the remediation plan.

The U.S. requested that Mexico investigate INISA after receiving a complaint in May via the Interagency Labor Committee for Monitoring and Enforcement (ILC) from two unions at the factory. 

The unions alleged that the company was coercing workers into accepting its proposed revisions to their collective bargaining agreement. Mexican authorities agreed to investigate, and on July 27, they issued a ruling upholding the validity of the complaint.

Specifically, the Mexican investigation found trade union discrimination against a union representative, company interference to promote a vote in favor of revising labor benefits and disinformation regarding the potential loss of labor benefits that would supposedly result from voting against the agreement. 

U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai said that the resolution demonstrated a positive example of international collaboration on labor rights. (Stephanie Chasez/Wikimedia)

INISA cooperated fully with the investigation, according to a statement by the Economy Ministry.

The ministry also reiterated Mexico’s commitment to comply with the Labor Reform of May 1, 2019, which guaranteed workers’ rights to freedom of association, a condition set by the U.S. in order to ratify the USMCA.

With reports from SwissInfo

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