Wednesday, November 30, 2022

In Mexico’s ‘prison city’ a humanitarian crisis is underway but a solution is not a priority

Solutions to the humanitarian migrant crisis in Tapachula, a city on the southern border, are being overlooked due to the divergent priorities of the governments of Mexico and the United States, the Mexico director of the advocacy organization The Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) said.

Mexico received a record-breaking number of asylum applications in 2021 — over 130,000 —  100 times more than in 2013.  Ninety percent of those were made in Tapachula, according to WOLA’s data.

The refugee agency COMAR only resolved 38,054 applications last year, 72% of which were approved, the newspaper Milenio reported.

WOLA’s Mexico director Stephanie Brewer said that Mexican officials were reluctant to provide migrants with visas due to U.S. pressure.

migrants waiting for asylum processing in Tapachula, mexico
Ninety percent of Mexico’s asylum applications in 2021 were made in Tapachula, Chiapas.

“I would say that there is a humanitarian crisis for migrants in Tapachula and that the crisis can be avoided … it’s understood that the resistance of the Mexican authorities to facilitate [migrants with] access to legal channels and visas can be explained by the United States government. Because for [the U.S. government], a migrant with legal status is a person who would have the opportunity to go to their border,” she said.

Brewer added that the Mexican government had the resources to process the migrants, but that racism and institutional incompetence had created obstructions.

“As a country, it certainly can respond to demand. It’s a big country, with a large population, but a single city like Tapachula can’t. It’s not logical to think it can meet the demand.”

“[Migrants] experience different types of racism, both with authorities and members of the population and different types of xenophobia … The system has not evolved in terms of human resources … to meet the situation,” she said.

AMLO and Joe BIden at Washington summit in July
Washington Office on Latin America Mexico director Stephanie Brewer believes that Mexican officials are reluctant to provide migrants with visas because of U.S. pressure. President López Obrador Twitter

Migrants from Haiti, who make up a large part of the migrant population in Tapachula, were having a harder time gaining legal status in Mexico, Brewer said.

“Certain nationalities, notably Venezuelans, Hondurans and Salvadorans, have a fairly high rate of gaining asylum, compared to Haitians for example,” she said.

Brewer added that the militarized strategy to combat undocumented migrants was inappropriate.

“The National Guard, it must be said, is an organization of military force … focused on confronting enemy forces. It is not the right institution to be the first points of contact with the refugee population, [which] is mainly families,” she said.

Mexico's military police confronting migrants in Tapachula
The military is not the right institution to be the first point of contact with the refugee population, says Brewer.

WOLA is calling on the government to stop containing migrants in Tapachula, end migrant detentions, provide visas and increase COMAR’s budget. It argues that the U.S. government should prioritize migrant protection and should provide refuge for unaccompanied minors.

With reports from Milenio

The 'three amigos' at last year's leadership summit.

North American Leaders’ Summit to be held in CDMX in January: AMLO

Biden and Trudeau will travel to Mexico City in January for the North American Leaders Summit, AMLO said Friday.
Thursday's ruling means that people accused of homicide, rape, kidnapping, fuel theft, burglary and firearm offenses will continue to be jailed before trial.

Supreme Court upholds mandatory pre-trial detention except in financial crimes

The Supreme Court has ruled that current mandates for pre-trial detention are valid except in cases of alleged financial crimes.
Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum is a close ally of López Obrador, who has lauded her work as mayor.

AMLO declares he has ‘millions’ of friends, but no time to attend their life events

President López Obrador revealed Thursday that he's too busy to attend weddings, implying he might miss Claudia Sheinbaum's nuptials.